Madagascar and Indian Ocean Islands

The Madagascar and Indian Ocean Islands Hotspot includes the island of Madagascar, thought by many to be the world's top conservation priority due to its remarkable biodiversity and extensive deforestation.

Often considered a mini-continent, Madagascar is famous for reptiles such as chameleons and more than 50 different kinds of lemurs—unique primates found only on the islands in this hotspot.

Experts estimate that Madagascar has lost as much as 80 percent of its original forest cover. Direct threats to biodiversity include agricultural expansion, timber exploitation, uncontrolled livestock grazing, fuel wood collection/charcoal production, hunting, corporate and small-scale mining, ornamental plant and wildlife collection, and introduction of non-native wildlife species.

The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) focuses on the island of Madagascar.

The CEPF strategy is based on conservation planning and implementation efforts undertaken during the past decade. The strategy builds on initiatives such as those put forth under the auspices of the National Environmental Action Plan and recommendations that emerged from Madagascar's Conservation Priority-Setting Workshop.

CEPF supports the development of biodiversity conservation corridors between existing parks and reserves, as well as the creation of new corridors.

Six strategic directions guide CEPF's approach in Madagascar:
  1. integrating local groups and individuals into the management of protected areas and reserves
  2. private sector conservation initiatives
  3. biodiversity conservation and management training programs
  4. public awareness and advocacy
  5. small grants program (Biodiversity Action Fund)
  6. creation of a participatory monitoring and coordination network


Investment Priorities
Full Strategy
Project Database for this Region