The Sundaland Hotspot in Southeast Asia is home to a number of unique species, including the endangered orangutans of Sumatra and Bornea, the clouded leopard, and two species of rhinoceros.
The hotspot's island of Sumatra harbors more than 10,000 plant species, mostly in lowland forests. It is the only place where elephants, rhinoceros, tigers, clouded leopards, and orangutans co-exist. Sixteen of the 210 mammal species are unique to the island, including the Sumatran orangutan, Sumatran rhinoceros, and Sumatran tiger.
Other threats include oil palm plantations, illegal hunting and wildlife trade, road construction, mining, and civil conflict.
CEPF focuses primarily on enabling key actors at local levels to practice good forest stewardship with adequate skills, coordination, collaboration, incentives, and political voice. In Sumatra, CEPF supports projects at the district level and below, with the aim of building alliances among conservation-minded individuals, nongovernmental organizations, and private sector interests.
Four strategic directions guide CEPF's approach in Sumatra: